The news that an elephant in a Korean zoo created a clever way to mimic human speech recently drew international media attention. His ingenious done is to contort his trunk and fold it back to his mouth to utter human words, something that can only have been the result of thought and experimentation.
Elephant clearly studied the instructions and talk to their handlers and worked it hard, to get get their attention. No need to be an interspecies translator to understand that while this lonely guy is saying, “Sit” or “Hello” in Korean, in the universal language of friendship and empathy your message is, “I’m here. Recognize me. “After all, that individual held captive does not long for the family and for freedom?
This great being gray and intelligent was a step further than Nim Chimpsky, the famous monkey had been taught American Sign Language, and that surprised Carl Sagan by waving, “Let me out.” And a step further than the beluga whale bored in a San Diego facility, which so convincingly imitated human speech, ordering a diver to “come out” of your tank, so that the diver thought his colleagues were playing a prank.
People often think that animals have no voice, but of course they have, even beyond its careful mimicry of our words. They “speak” at all times, especially one to the other. The problem is that we do not hear them; We find their annoying noises or do not care to hear or respond.
The other species give us a bath with its multilingual talents.
The subsonic rumble of elephants is used to warn other elephants a kilometer away from the armed hunters approach. Empirical evidence on the brain power of elephants led scientists to begin to develop a current dictionary of elephant language. Not only rumbling, but purring, trumpeting, screaming, singing – all these vocalizations have specific and significant meanings. When the baby elephants are roped and dragged from their desperate mothers, to catch up and have broken their spirits to the circus, his handlers reported that the newly captured babies have nightmares and cry in his sleep.
But certainly it is not just elephants. Studies show that dogs pay much attention to those that domesticated and they know that on average 200 human words without being that one is taught to them.
Anyone who has lived with a cat instantly know the difference between a meow that says, “Get out of bed – I want my breakfast,” a vibrant sound that conveys the message that a squirrel was sighted and regret suffered indicating a toe was accidentally stepped on.
What sounds like clicks and whistles to us is really a complex and sophisticated language shared by dolphins, according to a recent study. As the acoustic engineer Jack Kassewitz put it, “I’m sure that dolphins would love to have the opportunity to talk to us – if for no other reason than self-preservation.”
Not only do crows talk to each other, field observers also found that these intelligent birds use their beaks and wings to make gestures. Why does this matter? Before learning to speak, human babies point and use gestures to get or direct attention – an essential precursor to learn to speak. This is the first time researchers have seen gestures used in the wild by animals primates.
In a field study, the researchers found that wild parrots use only calls to name their babies, which are instantly identifiable. When you hear a name called, other parrots can distinguish gender, as well as companion and family to the parrot belongs, just as we do when someone calls us by name.
The voices of the animals are no less real than ours. It is the agonizing cry of a bull being stabbed in a bullring less distressed than that of a human victim to die in an alley?
Animals think? Meat eaters think not!
Australian psychologist suggests that we align our moral eating habits
A survey published by the Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin shows that most people who eat meat are reluctant to believe that animals have mental abilities can make them think and suffering before death.
“Denial seems an attempt to justify morally,” says psychologist Brock Bastian of the University of Queensland, Australia. The researcher and his colleagues questioned the participants wanted to eat meat slices or apple after do a task. Then asked to describe, in a brief text, as thought the entire life cycle of a slaughtered animal and evaluated as the mental faculties of a bovine. Volunteers who choose to eat meat after the test had more “conservative” ideas on the minds of animals. Most denied that they could think and have feelings.
“People who live in societies that eat meat resort to denial to align their moral traditions and eat without guilt,” says Bastian.